Transcript confirms Trump asked Ukraine to investigate Biden

Transcript confirms Trump asked Ukraine to investigate Biden

US President Donald Trump pressed Ukraine’s president to investigate a political rival, former Vice President Joe Biden, in coordination with the US attorney general and Trump’s personal lawyer, according to a summary of a momentous telephone call released by the Trump administration yesterday.

The official account of the half-hour July call laid bare an astonishing exchange of requests, pledges and ingratiation, including some unrelated to Biden, such as when Trump asked President Volodymyr Zelenskiy “to do us a favour” involving a controversy arising from the 2016 US presidential campaign.

The summary was released a day after US House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi said the Democratic-led chamber was launching an official impeachment inquiry, setting up a political showdown that threatens Trump’s presidency as he campaigns for re-election in 2020.

The details of the July 25 call drew furious reactions from Democrats, who accused Trump of soliciting Ukraine’s help to smear Biden, the front-runner among Democratic candidates seeking to challenge the Republican president in the November 2020 election.

The call occurred after Trump had ordered a freeze of nearly US$400 million in American aid to Ukraine, which the administration only later released.

“What those notes reflect is a classic Mafia-like shakedown of a foreign leader,” said Democrat Adam Schiff, chairman of the House Intelligence Committee.

Republicans said it showed Democrats were wrong to move forward with impeachment. “There was no quid pro quo and nothing to justify the clamour House Democrats caused,” said Doug Collins of Georgia, the top Republican on the House Judiciary Committee.

Trump and Zelenskiy appeared side by side in New York on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly and denied impropriety in their call, with Ukraine’s president telling reporters: “Nobody pushed me.”

At a news conference closing out three days of meetings in New York around the United Nations General Assembly, Trump accused Democrats of launching the impeachment inquiry “because they can’t beat us at the ballot.”

In a statement, Biden said Trump put personal politics above his oath of office and that Congress must hold him to account for “his abuse of power.”

The controversy arose after a whistleblower from within the US intelligence community brought a complaint relating to Trump’s conversation with Zelenskiy.

Even though federal law calls for such complaints to be disclosed to Congress, the Trump administration has not done so.

Members of the House and Senate Intelligence committees were allowed to see the complaint yesterday, the day before acting US director of national intelligence, Joseph Maguire, testifies at a House intelligence panel hearing.

The allegations were “deeply disturbing” and “very credible,” Schiff said after viewing the complaint.

Republican Mike Conaway, said, however: “I haven’t seen anything that bothers me.”

‘A lot of talk’

According to the summary, Trump told Zelenskiy that Attorney General William Barr, the top US law enforcement official, and Trump personal lawyer Rudy Giuliani would speak to him about reopening a Ukrainian investigation into a Ukrainian gas company for which Biden’s son Hunter had served as director.

“The other thing, there’s a lot of talk about Biden’s son, that Biden stopped the prosecution and a lot of people want to find out about that, so whatever you can do with the Attorney General would be great,” Trump said, referring to Barr.

Trump has repeatedly suggested wrongdoing by Biden and his son but has offered no evidence to back up the assertion.

In the summary, Trump never explicitly told Zelenskiy that US aid was contingent on him investigating Biden, but Trump emphasised the importance of American support before pressing him for action on Biden.

“I will say that we do a lot for Ukraine,” Trump said. Trump then said German Chancellor Angela Merkel “doesn’t do anything” for Ukraine but that “the United States has been very, very good to Ukraine.”

According to the summary, Zelenskiy responds that Trump is “1,000%” right, thanks Trump for “your great support in the area of defence” and said he planned to buy more Javelins, anti-tank missiles developed by the US military that are now produced by Raytheon Co and Lockheed Martin Corp.

In raising the Biden issue, Trump told Zelenskiy: “I heard you had a prosecutor who was very good and he was shut down and that’s really unfair.” Trump said he would have Giuliani – a political ally with no formal role in the US government – and Barr call him.

“Biden went around bragging that he stopped the prosecution so if you can look into it. It sounds horrible to me,” Trump said.

There has been no evidence that Biden, who served as US vice president from 2009 to 2017, used his position to help his son in the Ukraine matter.

Zelenskiy assured Trump that his next prosecutor general “will be 100% my person” and “will look into the situation.”

Zelenskiy, a former comedian, then volunteered that the last time he visited New York, he stayed at Trump Tower. He told Ukrainian media later that he thought only Trump’s side of their phone call would be published.

“I also want to ensure you that we will be very serious about the case and will work on the investigation,” Zelenskiy added.

After Zelenskiy’s promise, Trump invites him to visit the White House.

‘Barr’s role’

Trump never actually asked Barr to contact Ukraine, Justice Department spokeswoman Kerri Kupec said, and Barr has not communicated with Ukraine about a possible investigation or any other subject.

Barr, a Trump appointee, first found out about the conversation several weeks after it took place, Kupec said.

The House inquiry could lead to articles of impeachment in the House that could trigger a trial in the Senate on whether to remove Trump from office.

Pelosi said the notes on the call confirmed that Trump engaged in behaviour that undermined the integrity of US elections, the dignity of the presidency and national security.

“The president has tried to make lawlessness a virtue in America and now is exporting it abroad,” Pelosi said.

The summary, not a verbatim transcript, was developed with assistance from voice-recognition software along with note takers and experts listening, a White House official said.

‘Repeated scandals’

Trump has withstood repeated scandals since taking office in 2017. House Democrats had considered, but never moved ahead with, pursuing articles of impeachment over Trump’s actions relating to Russian interference in the 2016 US election aimed at boosting his candidacy.

Under the US Constitution, the House has the power to impeach a president for “high crimes and misdemeanours.” No president has ever been removed from office through impeachment. Democrats control the House and Trump’s fellow Republicans control the Senate.

Justice Department officials concluded last week that Trump’s conduct on the call did not amount to a criminal violation of campaign finance law because what he was asking for – an investigation of a political rival – was not a quantifiable “thing of value,” said a senior Justice Department official, speaking on condition of anonymity.

Trump has defended his actions in the Ukraine matter as appropriate. Trump denounced the impeachment move as “the single greatest witch hunt in American history.”

The US, European countries and others had pushed for the ouster of the Ukrainian prosecutor investigating the energy company because he was not pursuing it aggressively enough.

 The prosecutor who replaced him, Yuriy Lutsenko, told Reuters on Friday that no wrongdoing was found on the part of Biden’s son in his relationship with the energy firm.

Ukrainian officials have not said publicly that they would open any investigation of Biden or his son.

Many Republicans came to Trump’s defence and said the absence of a quid pro quo – a Latin phrase meaning a favour for a favour – in the call showed that the concerns of Democrats were overblown. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell denounced what he called the Democratic “impeachment obsession.”

Republican Senator Pat Toomey said Trump’s conversation about Biden was inappropriate but not an impeachable offence. But Republican Senator Mitt Romney said he had read the memo and “it remains troubling in the extreme.”

‘Aid to Ukraine’

The US has been giving military aid to Ukraine since Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014. The US$391.5 million in aid at issue in the current controversy was approved by Congress to help Ukraine deal with an insurgency by Russian-backed separatists in the eastern part of the country.

The whistleblower was concerned that Trump was pressuring a foreign leader to take an official action that would help his 2020 re-election, according to a legal memo released by the Justice Department’s Office of Legal Counsel.

The Inspector General’s office found “some indication of an arguable political bias” by the whistleblower in favour of a rival political candidate,” but determined that the allegation appeared credible, according to the office.

The Justice Department concluded that the whistleblower complaint did not need to be shared with Congress because the relevant law only covers conduct by intelligence officials, not the president, according to a legal analysis released by the department’s Office of Legal Counsel.

The Justice Department said Barr would not recuse himself from Ukraine-related investigations despite Democratic demands.

Reuters

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